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Accounting for Business Decisions

HI5001 Accounting for Business Decisions (T1, 2015)
Group Assignment (30% of Final Mark)

The assignment aims to develop an understanding of financial statements structure and their use
in decision-making. The task is to choose a publicly listed company from the Australian Stock
Exchange (ASX) which should be approved by your lecturer as not to have the same
companies from other groups and analyse the financial statements.
The assignment has two parts namely Part A (46 marks) & B (54 marks). This group project in
itself includes several assignments, each of which comprises a part of the students’ task.
However, it is well encouraged to include any additional information that students may think will
be useful in conducting financial statements analysis of the selected company.
General Rules and Requirements:
The report should be prepared by a group with a maximum of four (4) members. Reports must
be confined to 3,000 words (+/- 5%). For Part A, a title page, table of contents page (based on
your report headings), introduction, conclusion and references should be included. Font type
should be Arial (size 11), paragraph spacing should be 1.5. For part B, read and follow the
instructions mentioned.
The Safeassign maximum matching percentage allowed is 20%. If the group exceeds the
maximum, the assignment will get an automatic 50% deduction.
Note: Any additional material from external sources that you “copy and paste” into your report is
NOT included in the word limit. Also, ensure it is appropriately referenced.
Part A1 (6 marks)
Provide an executive summary of your company’s background relating to business structure,
operations, services and all other business activities that are conducted, etc.
Part A2 (10 marks)
Use the annual report for the year ending 2013 & 2014. Your group will need to review the
major sections of this report in order to familiarize yourselves with the content of each of the
financial statements and appropriate notes to the financial statements.
Review the balance sheet of the company and indicate the amount of the following:
a) Total current assets
b) Total non-current assets
c) Total current liabilities
d) Total non-current liabilities
e) Total stockholder’s equity
Compare the above figures with the previous year and compute the percentage increase or
decrease and comment on the comparative financial condition of the company.
Part A3 (10 marks)
Review the income statement and indicate the following:
a) Total (operating) revenues
b) Cost of Goods Sold (if relevant)
c) Total expenses (before income taxes)
d) Any non-operating (or extraordinary) gains and losses
e) Earnings per common share
Compare the above figures with the previous year and compute the percentage increase or decrease and comment on the comparative financial operation of the company.
Part A4 (10 marks)
Review the statement of cash flows for the most recent year and indicate the following:
a) net cash inflow (outflow) from operating activities
b) net cash inflow (outflow) from financing activities
c) net cash inflow (outflow) from investing activities
d) net increase (decrease) in cash during the year
Analyse the Cash Flow Statements for the last 2 years and comment on the cash position of the company.
Part A5 (10 marks)
Review the stockholders’ equity section in your chosen company’s most recent year-end balance sheet and compare that with the previous year-end balance sheet. Compare percentage increase or decrease.
List the stockholders’ equity account balances and number of outstanding shares from these two balance sheets and compute the increase or decrease for each during this past year.
Part B Financial Ratios (54 marks)
a) Using the same Financial Statements of the company your group has chosen, determine the profitability, activity, liquidity and leverage using all the ratios below. Use the end of the year financial statements. (14 marks)
b) Give a 300 word analysis for each of the following:
I. Profitability (10 marks)
II. Activity (10 marks)
III. Liquidity (10 marks)
IV. Financing (10 marks)
Ratio Calculations
Ratio Numerator Denominator
A. Profitability ratios
a) Return on equity Operating profit after tax Shareholders’ equity
b) Return on assets Operating profit after tax Total assets
c) Profit margin Operating profit after tax Sales/Revenue
d) Cash flow to total assets Cash provided by operations Total assets
e) Price-to-earnings ratio Market price per share Earnings per share
B. Activity (turnover) ratios
a) Total assets turnover Sales Total assets
b) Debtors turnover Credit sales Average trade debtors
c) Days in debtors 365 Debtors turnover ratio
C. Liquidity ratios
a) Current (working capital) ratio Current assets Current liabilities
b) Quick ratio Cash + Accounts receivable + Current liabilities
Short-term investments
c) Interest coverage ratio Earnings before interest & tax Net interest expense
D. Financing ratios
a) Debt-to-equity ratio Total liabilities Total shareholders’ equity
b) Debt-to-assets ratio Total liabilities Total assets
c) Leverage ratio Total assets Total shareholders’ equity


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